Consumers Pay High For Darkness Despite N1.7trn FG’s Interventions

Consumers Pay High For Darkness Despite N1.7trn FG’s Interventions
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  • As stakeholders proffer solutions


AEDC is among the eleven private electricity distribution companies licensed by the Federal Government to distribute power to customers since the privatisation of the Power Holding Company of Nigeria, PHCN, in September 2013.

But since this distribution company and the other DisCos began the business and services of distributing power, Nigerians have not witnessed improvement in power distribution.

It has been from one complaint of deliberate swindling of consumers to AEDC’s staff highhandedness and deliberate policy of not making meters available even when consumers made payment especially those living at the FCT suburbs and its nearest neighbor states.

The immediate implementation of Mr. President’s directives on the increment in tariff leaving where it favours it and deliberately delaying in the meter supply and installation. Our reporter spoke with many customers with AEDC but it has been baggage of complaints.

Mr. Daniel who lives in Abuja was visibly agitated not only about the epileptic power supply in his community but also the ‘crazy bills’ that AEDC charges even for the poor service. “Dagbanna is a community in the suburb of Abuja where residents have not had light for two hours in the last 24 hours and don’t even know when next they would restore it”; Daniel says.

“It can be like this for the next three days, yet they would bring a humongous bill for us to settle at the end of the month,” he added.

Nigeria currently generates about 5000MW which is insufficient for the consumption of about 200million of its population. According to USAID in a report,  Nigeria, the largest economy in Sub-Saharan Africa has the potential to generate 12,522 megawatts (MW) of electric power from existing plants because of its huge endowment in oil, gas, hydro and solar resources.

Mr. Daniel and other residents in his shoes pay as much as N4,000 – N5000 estimated bills at the end of every month  for electricity supply, which according to him, they “never enjoyed.” “We only pay for darkness,” he says.

Like Mr. Daniel, Salisu Yahaya, who runs a small scale business in Mararaba area of Nasarawa  State, decries the high power bill that does not reflect the electricity consumption in his area. “They only give us power for about four hours out of the 24 hours in a day, yet we pay N5,000 bill every month,” Yahaya laments.

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The alternative power source which is a small generating set known among locals as “I pass my neighbour” is also not sustainable because of the daily cost of fuelling it. The dismal supply of electricity in the area threatens the survival of his business. This electricity no longer favours me, I will soon disconnect myself from it to concentrate on powering my shop with a generator, says the barber angrily.


Power distribution has been two major challenges confronting Nigeria’s power sector, despite being the largest economy in Africa. Its generation has not gone beyond 4,000MW while poor distribution is the reason the government cited recently to announce tariffs hike. Nigerians on September 1; woke up to a 100 percent increment on the electricity tariff plan, a surge that caught many people unawares.

The Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission, NERC, suddenly increased the light bill known as electricity tariff from N30.23 Naira for one kwh (kilowatt unit of energy per hour) to as much as N62.33 per kwh.

The NERC is primarily to regulate the tariff of power generating companies owned or controlled by the government, and any other generating company which has a license for power generation and transmission of energy, and distribution of electricity.

Explaining his plight with the recent increment, Abiodun Olusoji, a resident of Chika area of the Federal Capital Territory says he was not only caught unawares by the increment in the electricity tariff but would make life difficult for him as a worker with a private organisation. “It’s like the government is out to make life difficult for us in this country, despite the coronavirus pandemic that has crippled so many businesses, the government still deemed it necessary to increase the electricity and fuel price now”, he said.

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Uche Dominic, a resident of Karu in Abuja Municipal Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory, who is also dissatisfied with the recent increment in the electricity tariff, stated that the unit of power she bought recently was sold at a double amount, an increment she said would affect her cost of living. “I went to buy electricity yesterday for our prepaid meter and I could only get a 25-kilowatt unit for 1,500 when I could have gotten like a 60-kilowatt unit for the same amount.”

Despite the increase in Nigeria’s electricity tariff, an outrageous number of the country’s population still lack access to electricity. Bloomberg had reported that an average home in Nigeria gets national grid power for about nine hours daily, which could be worse in some communities and homes.

The World Bank noted that only 57% of the country’s 200 million population have access to electricity. While  31% of people living in the country’s rural areas have access to electricity, the 72 % of people living in the urban areas who have access to electricity still usually experience persistent power outages.


In a bid to solve the country’s power problem, Nigeria’s government has so far spent over N1.7 trillion on the country’s power sector in the last three years but had little or no impact on the already privatized sector. Meanwhile, so many recommendations made towards salvaging the country’s energy crisis hinged on exploring renewable energy potentials.

Alice Adedayo, principal consultant at African Energy Advocacy Initiative noted that one of the major keys to sustainable energy in Nigeria is to decentralise energy generation for communities that are off the national grid, adding that such efforts can be made through the use of renewable energy solutions such as bio-energy, solar and wind energy to power underserved communities.

“The government should also ensure full operationalisation of Feed-in Tariff, which allows private companies to send excess energy generated from other energy sources into the national grid, hence the need for policy harmonization across complementary ministries in the power sector value chain,” she said.

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On her own part, Yetunde Fadeyi, founder of Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability Initiative for Africa, REES Africa, noted that even though access to energy is fundamental for socio-economic development and poverty eradication, the country needs to do more in diversification and exploration of sustainable energy sources to ensure problems surrounding energy access is solved.

“There is a need for scenarios that ultimately include the hybridization, exploitation and promotion of renewable energy resources, energy efficiency practices, as well as the application of energy conservation measures in various sectors. There is also a need for favourable policy intervention and incentives to further drive access to power significantly for the pro-poor and encourage low carbon decentralization instead of the use of dirty fossil fuels, Fadeyi says.

The United States Agency for International Development, USAID, also noted that improving the power sector is critical to addressing development challenges in Nigeria.

Oluwaseyi Falaye, the Chief Executive Officer, CEO, of Econergco limited, who stated that the carbon emissions in the country remain on the upward trajectory because of the continuous intensive use of fossil fuel-powered electricity due to erratic power supply from the national grid stressed the need for advancement in sustainable energy technologies.

“The advancement in sustainable energy technologies like energy storage, smart grid solutions, continue falls in the cost of solar power and energy storage, and renewable energy sources in the country serve as an impetus for solving the energy crisis in the country sustainably,” Falaye states.

“The renewable sources in Nigeria are estimated to worth over 500 gigawatts of power and that includes; about 500 gigawatts from solar energy, over 15 gigawatts from hydropower, while wind and bioenergy are estimated to have the capacity to provide 10 gigawatts of clean, green, and sustainable power but for Nigeria to enjoy reliable electricity supply through sustainable power sources there is a need for the government to provide an enabling environment and fiscal regime to attract foreign direct investment for renewable energy projects development,” he said.


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